The CImg Library - C++ Template Image Processing Toolkit

Latest stable version: 2.7.0

CImgException Struct Reference

Instances of CImgException are thrown when errors are encountered in a CImg function call. More...

Inherits exception.

Inherited by CImgArgumentException, CImgDisplayException, CImgInstanceException, CImgIOException, and CImgWarningException.

Public Member Functions

const char * what () const throw ()
 Return a C-string containing the error message associated to the thrown exception.

Detailed Description

Instances of CImgException are thrown when errors are encountered in a CImg function call.


CImgException is the base class of all exceptions thrown by CImg (except CImgAbortException). CImgException is never thrown itself. Derived classes that specify the type of errord are thrown instead. These classes can be:

  • CImgAbortException: Thrown when a computationally-intensive function is aborted by an external signal. This is the only non-derived exception class.
  • CImgArgumentException: Thrown when one argument of a called CImg function is invalid. This is probably one of the most thrown exception by CImg. For instance, the following example throws a CImgArgumentException:
    CImg<float> img(100,100,1,3); // Define a 100x100 color image with float-valued pixels
    img.mirror('e'); // Try to mirror image along the (non-existing) 'e'-axis
  • CImgDisplayException: Thrown when something went wrong during the display of images in CImgDisplay instances.
  • CImgInstanceException: Thrown when an instance associated to a called CImg method does not fit the function requirements. For instance, the following example throws a CImgInstanceException:
    const CImg<float> img; // Define an empty image
    const float value =; // Try to read first pixel value (does not exist)
  • CImgIOException: Thrown when an error occured when trying to load or save image files. This happens when trying to read files that do not exist or with invalid formats. For instance, the following example throws a CImgIOException:
    const CImg<float> img("missing_file.jpg"); // Try to load a file that does not exist
  • CImgWarningException: Thrown only if configuration macro cimg_strict_warnings is set, and when a CImg function has to display a warning message (see cimg::warn()).

It is not recommended to throw CImgException instances by yourself, since they are expected to be thrown only by CImg. When an error occurs in a library function call, CImg may display error messages on the screen or on the standard output, depending on the current CImg exception mode. The CImg exception mode can be get and set by functions cimg::exception_mode() and cimg::exception_mode(unsigned int).

Exceptions handling

In all cases, when an error occurs in CImg, an instance of the corresponding exception class is thrown. This may lead the program to break (this is the default behavior), but you can bypass this behavior by handling the exceptions by yourself, using a usual try { ... } catch () { ... } bloc, as in the following example:

#define "CImg.h"
using namespace cimg_library;
int main() {
cimg::exception_mode(0); // Enable quiet exception mode
try {
... // Here, do what you want to stress CImg
} catch (CImgException& e) { // You succeeded: something went wrong!
std::fprintf(stderr,"CImg Library Error: %s",e.what()); // Display your custom error message
... // Do what you want now to save the ship!

Copyrights (C) From october 2004, David Tschumperlé - GREYC UMR CNRS 6072, Image team.
Copyrights (C) January->September 2004, David Tschumperlé.
Copyrights (C) 2000->2003, David Tschumperlé - INRIA Sophia-Antipolis. Odyssée group.